In ophthalmology, there is a plentitude of possible uses for laser systems. Different lasers can be used for the treatment of glaucoma, defective vision, after-cataract, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and other retinal diseases. The following introduces the most important lasers.
These laser systems can be used to section tissue. In some cases, the capsular bag may become cloudy years later (after-cataract). This change results in a decrease of visual function. A small hole in the opacified capsular bag, made using laser technology (neodymium:YAG laser), however, helps quickly and is completely painless. This procedure can be applied on an outpatient basis as well, after this, the patient is not subject to any restrictions, only an eye drop therapy has to be applied for a few days.
In cases of angle-closure glaucoma, the YAG laser can be used as well to cut a small hole in the iris, and thereby neutralize the angular closure.
With very precise YAG lasers („Laser-vitreolysis“) floaters within the vitreous cavity („mouches volantes“) may be treated too.
These laser systems can be used to vaporize tissue. This way, corneal layers in the process of a refractive surgery can be removed to treat refractive anomalies of the eye.
Femtosecond laser for cutting ocular tissue
These laser systems can be used to coagulate tissue. They are suitable for the treatment of retinal diseases. They are used for severe diabetic eye diseases, some forms of macular degeneration, and many other, less frequently observed diseases of the retina. There are also applications for lasers in the treatment of glaucomas.a
Grand total of laser surgeries: More than 2,500
Scope of laser surgeries
Panretinal and focal retinal laser, focal macular laser, grid laserLaser removal of sutures, Argon laser trabeculoplasty, diode laser for secondary glaucomas and retinal defects, CWNd:YAG laser iridotomy, membranotomy, vitreotomy and capsulotomy, YAG laser removal of lens precipitates, Erbium:YAG laser of cataracts and vitreous body, photorefractive keratotomy (PRK, LASEK), and laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) using an Excimer laser.